If we could go back to the past and go to a classroom in 1995, for example, no doubt it would be totally different from what we are used to seeing today. All this because the technology has brought many benefits not only for our day to day but also for education.
Today many educational institutions are undergoing a reform and adapting to this new world: who has the power to change the way we see education, giving us more knowledge and autonomy at the time of study.
The use of technology in education is already an urgent need and is already recognized by every professional well updated with the latest trends in the area.
The following is a list of benefits and curiosities about the use of technology in education, what is already being done and what can still be done.
Introducing technology in school
For technology to be applied in education and bring improvements to the school, it is necessary to make some changes in what is already practiced in class. The collaboration of teachers in this process of adopting technology in school is fundamental, for it is something they will have to learn to deal directly with and the more in favor they have the better.
Understanding the demands of your students
Research to meet key student demands, see if it is worth taking advantage of the benefits that technology can offer or simply adding it to resources already available in classrooms. In this way you can use just the resources they need to improve their performance, and ensure that the measure will have an effect on your motivation and engagement.
Technology and Education
Technology is a way to improve the quality of education by providing new avenues for teaching and learning as well as new methodologies. With the objective of educating educators and helping to discover innovative strategies for the improvement of the educational process.
It can also make classes more attractive and innovative, increasing possibilities for students and teachers, modifying knowledge and making classes more motivating and meaningful. It is a great help for those students with facilities or learning difficulties and who through personalized education can arouse their interest for studies.
These are also ways of arousing curiosity and new discoveries, stimulating new experiences through technology, and thereby building skills and contributing to the development of many students.
Social development must start from the investment in the base of society, we are talking about education. Even though the illiteracy rate in Brazil is decreasing, being at 8% according to IBGE, there is still a drop in the number of high school students. Starting from the principle of the lack of attractiveness of Brazilian education, what could be done?
Currently Brazil has about 180 thousand schools, according to the School Census of Basic Education published by the Ministry of Education, the MEC, where more than 110 thousand schools are municipal responsibility. An effective tool to add to the teaching of these institutions would be the use of technology in favor of education. Providing digital and quality teaching materials is seen as a positive thing by about 92% of teachers, is shown by an unpublished research from the Lemann Foundation. The use of digital technology increases interactivity and dynamism during class, making students more and more interested in learning.
Technology will certainly improve education, but not replace it, this new teaching methodology opens new horizons and new perspectives knowledge, having the information at the fingertips, this innovative and attractive school conduct, comes to raise the rates development of Brazilian education.
It is therefore necessary for everyone to assume their responsibility for technological development in the service of education, since technology will only bear fruit. Therefore, as long as there is an integral partnership between the government and the family, it will be possible to progress in the teaching of Brazilian education, shrinking more and more the already small portion of illiterates in the country.
“Today, humanity has the best tools of all time – thanks to technology, digital media, and social media – to act intelligently. But these tools will not make us smarter by themselves. In fact, in many ways, they can make us stupid. “(James Paul Gee, The Anti-Educational Era, Creating Smarter Students Through Digital Learning)
Since the invention of the first microprocessor, the 4004, in 1971, much has changed. The 4004 contained 2,300 transistors. The current Intel Core i7 contains 731 million of them. This revolution in microelectronics provoked the fourth revolution in human communication, namely the Digital Revolution (the first three were: writing, the alphabet, the press). The reorganization of the information in this new mold transformed the forms of work and the organization of the companies; the ways of reading and the publishing market; the ways of listening to music and the music market.
Now, it is schools that are definitely feeling that getting in sync with the Digital Age has become a matter of survival. The still hegemonic educational model worked well for the parameters of the Industrial Age, with its classrooms standardized by age group and level of knowledge; its hierarchy is rigid, being the teacher recognized as the holder of the information and responsible for the transmission of the contents. Today, this model is no longer relevant to the real world. Thus, to think of a new school model, it is not enough to guarantee an efficient technological infrastructure. The most important aspect will be the repositioning of teachers in relation to knowledge and students, in order to develop skills needed to solve real world problems.
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In technologically configured societies, knowledge management is constantly being remodeled. Increasingly, the sources of enunciation and production of knowledge are multiplying and this is the real world for which the school has the duty to train students.
In this sense, in order to develop an efficient strategy to integrate technologies into education, it is necessary to have discernment as to the current state and trends of technological development, as well as how it transforms people’s interactions with each other and with them to the world. Based on this assumption, making use of social media, for example, should not be a way to police students in order to watch over the virtual reputation of the school, but rather a way of developing a relationship with the community, and also be inserted in a context in which the words and actions of adolescents find meaning. Today’s children will have to read and write with various technologies, including texts, digital tools, social media of different formats, often used in combination, since it is through these channels that knowledge circulates in the real world.
In the classroom, students and educators need to develop a culture conducive to the use of the virtual environment as a means of learning and producing meaning. This culture should promote discernment about relationships and online communities; conditions for access to information; forms of digital identity; as well as stimulate actions that can guarantee a safe internet and prevent harmful behaviors such as cyberbullying and dependence on games and networks.
Being able to stand in front of the technique does not, however, guarantee a response to the problem of what real education is for someone who wants to be a producer, not just a consumer; participant and not just spectator; agent and not just a victim in a world dominated by ideology, risk, fear and uncertainty. As the American linguist James Paul Gee notes in his recently published The Anti-Educational Era, there is no evidence that schools prepare people with the resources necessary to confront the modern world, such as deep thinking and the ability to solve complex problems of collaborative way.
the author, schools are more concerned with conveying skills to differentiate students, become experts in tests and accounting, and High School and university have become producers of status, mere fields for accreditation and titling. Let us add that, among us Brazilians, attending an elite school adds to the status the mark of the privilege, that is, belonging to a group that supposes the exclusion of the others. With this, education ceases to be a force for equality, a fundamental principle of modern societies.
Faced with this, schools that want to act as true educational institutions, not business centers, in many ways, will have to row against the tide.
Technology to transform Brazil: there is nothing more GBS, is not it? In this post, we have 3 different ways in which initiatives have used the Internet and other technologies to democratize knowledge and improve the educational process in the country.
Before, let’s remember what went there at the SGB 2013 Seminar! In the event, we raised an issue: “What do young and digital natives want from Brazilian education?“. Stimulating creativity and differentiated knowledge were some of the answers. Check out the video and come with us to reflect on what has changed from there.
1 – CONTENT PLATFORMS
Politize is an education portal that teaches politics in a simplified way. Through multimedia content and a relaxed language, the employees explain concepts, positions, bills and political moments that involve Brazil. This year, they released a policy dictionary, see?
The initiative passed our SGB Lab in 2015. Diego Calegari, co-founder of Politize, held a talk round about the role of each of us in politics during the SGB 2017 Festival.
2 – EDUCATION SPECIALIZED FROM DATA
Geekie presents an innovative education solution. Using databases and algorithms, an analysis and understanding of how each student learns is done. Thus, teachers and coordinators can adapt content and increase learning. Geekie’s goal is to develop the motivation, performance, and engagement of students and professionals through the modernization of studies.
The method created by the initiative is recognized by UNESCO and the Ministry of Education (MEC). Its foundation happened in 2011 and, since then, has already impacted more than 5 million students in Brazil. Geekie has already participated in SGB Camp and its co-founder and CEO, Claudio Sassaki, has been on the stage of the SGB 2013 Festival and also of the SGB Pocket in 2016. In addition, its history has been told in our film In Front.
3 – DISTANCE EDUCATION
Distance education (EAD) is a way of democratizing knowledge by enabling students from different locations to have access to education. According to the Census of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education, the number of distance students in 2014 was 26 times higher than in 2003. Despite the barriers, there is continuous advancement in people enrolled in EaD and teaching effectiveness.
Flex is a Relationship Management company in Santa Catarina. In the state, it counts on four Poles EAD, in partnership with great universities. In all, more than 16 undergraduate and 30 graduate courses are offered. Today, there are more than a thousand employees studying. With scholarships and discounts, Flex aims to continually empower its team. At the SGB 2017 Festival, the company supported us as a bronze partner.
The incorporation of new technologies into teaching has become one of the main debates in education today. Robotics, electronic games, artificial intelligence and augmented reality are just some of the innovations that have moved the educational market and been inserted in schools, especially in the private network.
º New teacher: understand the skills and competences of the 21st century in EducaNor / March 2019. Participate! ºº
In the classroom, however, there is still a lot of discussion about how to integrate the novelties into everyday school life. As much as teacher mistrust regarding the use of new technologies is diminishing, there are still many challenges to incorporate these tools effectively, contributing to student learning.
To understand what these obstacles are, Education has heard basic education teachers who have talked about the landscape and shared their experiences with the use of technological resources in the classroom. Among the main difficulties pointed out by educators is insufficient teacher education for the area.
“New technologies help in learning from the moment the teacher appropriates this knowledge,” says Diego Trujillo, an English professor and technology coordinator at Ítalo College. “But I see that training is still lacking. There is a desire of the teacher to learn, but he does not know where or how to go. “
The figures show that training is one of the great challenges with regard to the use of technology. According to the TIC Educação 2016 survey, from the Regional Center for Studies on the Development of the Information Society (Cetic.br), 54% of teachers did not attend specific undergraduate discipline on how to use computer and internet in activities with students. In addition, 70% did not carry out continuous training on the subject in the year prior to the survey. Of those who did, 20% said that the training “contributed a lot” to the update in the area.
In this scenario, the search for new ways of exploiting technological resources ultimately depends on the teacher’s own initiative. In Trujillo’s vision – which complemented his training with training courses – the school itself can help reverse the picture by offering support to the teacher. “It is necessary that the pedagogical team has an expert in educational technology. This is a new professional of extreme importance, “he says.
Given insufficient training, it becomes more difficult to exploit the pedagogical potential of new technologies. And in many cases, this can lead to some resistance to its use, making more traditional methods continue to be reproduced.
“The biggest challenge today is for teachers to note that technology can make the teaching-learning process better,” says Rafael Ribeiro, a biology professor at Mater Dei College.
For the educator, part of the mistrust of some teachers regarding the use of new technologies comes from the changes they cause in the classroom routine itself. “It’s something that takes the teacher out of the comfort zone. It is a tool that needs to be studied at home, with greater planning, a weekly period that requires reflection and study. “
Another factor that generates mistrust is the fear of technology acting as a distractor. In Internet use, for example, the fear is that students will eventually divert attention from content to social networks.
In the view of Edilene von Wallwitz, a Portuguese and German language teacher at Vértice College, the problem also goes through teacher education. “The teacher needs to master these tools, to participate in courses, to learn about it, to practice. You have to be grounded to keep the student’s attention, “he says.
In the case of the public network, there is a problem that is still prior to the appropriation of the new technologies: the lack of infrastructure. According to a 2017 survey of the All for Education movement, 66% of teachers in the network point to insufficient equipment as a limiting factor in the use of technological resources in education. In addition, 64% indicate insufficient internet speed as a constraint.
“[In public schools] we have the basics, which is internet in the school for documentation, secretariat. For student and teacher use, we do not have “, says Regina de Freitas, a Portuguese language teacher in the public school in Barão de Cocais (MG).
When the school has the equipment, new obstacles may arise – such as lack of maintenance. “We can not finish the work with the student because the computer is in trouble, the digital whiteboard has some defect, the internet does not work legal”, says Angélica Guimarães, a Portuguese language teacher in the public network in Campos do Jordão (SP) . “Many teachers choose not to use [the technological resources] to avoid wasting class time. Sometimes, instead of optimizing learning, optimizing time, it hurts. “
What they do
Regina de Freitas, Portuguese language teacher in the public network
Regina created, last year, a project that incorporated the use of WhatsApp for the study of textual genres. To do this, she created groups with the students of the eighth and ninth years, who began to send the texts produced at home by the messaging application. With a simple project, she claims to have observed as a result the facilitation of communication and an increase in the motivation of the classes. “Some students who already had a taste for writing sent me to other texts that were not related to the genre I was asking for. I would accept and review, “he says.
Angélica Guimarães, Portuguese teacher in the public network
Angelica claims to faithfully believe that new technologies can contribute to the teaching-learning process. The educator encourages students to use their own cell phones for research and photographs. In addition, it also uses WhatsApp to create study groups with students. “Learning does not end at 5:00 p.m., when class ends. It extends through these new tools, “he says.
Edilene von Wallwitz, teacher of Portuguese and German in private network
Edilene is also an enthusiast of the use of technology in education, especially by approaching the daily life of adolescents. The educator uses, among other tools, applications that allow to gamificar the classes – like the Kahoot. “The motivation factor, with games and competition, helps in learning,” he says.
Diego Trujillo, English teacher in private network
One of the tools used by the educator is the Google classroom, a Google service that allows you to create virtual classrooms, facilitating communication with students and organizing homework, for example. For him, one of the advantages of this and other digital tools is the personalization of teaching. “When I see that the student is very difficult, I can pass personalized exercises,” he says.
Rafael Ribeiro, professor of biology in the private network
Rafael explores technology in the classroom since 2014. Among the main advantages of using these resources, he highlights the possibility of showing videos and 3D models to students, which facilitates the visualization of the studied contents. In addition, the educator seeks to use tools that optimize processes. “I also apply tests using Google form, which automatically corrects the test-questions. As for the dissertations I correct individually and send the note to the student by email with the template below. That is, the whole process became much more instantaneous. “
stay up to date
Technology can be a great ally of teachers and students. However, as their evolution is constant, the need for adaptation and innovation must also be continued. Therefore, adopting tools that facilitate this process of innovation is essential, as is the case of online libraries whose collections are frequently renewed.
Responsible teachers and managers must strike a balance to take advantage of only the advantages of technology by engaging them in content and classmates in a productive way
This can be done, for example, by trying to stimulate students to answer questions and exercises without answering questions and by encouraging discussion and exchange of ideas in the classroom and discussion forums without access to social networks.
Resignation of teaching
In the past, the only source of information available was physical books, and for many, teachers were the only way to knowledge.
However, with the growth and enhancement of informal learning (which is characterized by the fact that we do not need to be in a specific and physical place to learn), along with the increase in the amount of education resources, the role of teachers has been re-meaning in many points.
Today, teachers have the function of being mentors as well. Professionals in the field who wish to continue engaging students in their respective subjects should bring innovations and always seek to connect students to knowledge, always encouraging them to think with autonomy and creativity.
Renewing equipment and providing a good technological apparatus to students requires investments in a university. In addition, there are maintenance costs and IT staff. To keep the institution up to date and not weigh in the budget, it is always necessary to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the tools purchased or contracted, as we will discuss in more detail below.
Choice of advantageous tools
Nowadays, there are many technological solutions for education. However, it is necessary to cautiously assess which ones really bring advantages to the university and are pertinent to the institutional reality.
Online libraries, such as My Library, are extremely advantageous for integrating technology into education without this overstating the budget. The platform is extremely cost-effective on its platform, which provides the digital version of thousands of books and periodicals for all university students and staff.
They are titles of the most diverse areas of knowledge that can be easily accessed on any device with internet access, with just a login and password. And the best: the platform has several tools to facilitate the studies.